Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said to me:
“Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a ten-fold reward. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is one letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter.”
Tajweed ( ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺪ ) is an Arabic word meaning correct pronunciation during recitation. It is a set of rules which dictate how the Qur’an should be read. It comes from the root word ‘ja-wa-da’ meaning to make well, make better or improve.TARTEEL
‘And recite the Qur’an in slow measured rhythmic tone’
(Al Qur’an ; 73:4)
The Arabic word translated as ‘slow, measured rythmic’ is TARTEEL. The tafseer of the above ayat according to Ibn Kathir is ‘recite the Qur’an slowly, making the letters clear, for this is an assistance in understanding and pondering the meaning of the Qur’an.’
Why the need for tajweed rules?
When Islam was being spread (and it was done so at a very quick pace and also into non-Arab speaking countries) not everyone’s tongue was accustomed to the Arabic letters and sounds. Thus, when reciting the Qur’an, much error and distortion occurred and the Muslim scholars feared (the perpetration of) that error and distortion.It was at this point that some of them recorded the rules and foundations that regulate the correct pronunciation of Qur’an, and they named this the Science of Tajweed.
Tajweed is not intended to be about just learning rules and committing them to memory, but rather the correct application of those rules while reciting the Qur’an.
Tajweed linguistically – to improve and make better